The Jewish celebration of Passover always happens in the spring, but the first day doesn’t always occur on the same date, at least not on our modern Gregorian calendar. This year, it begins on April 8, but here’s why it moves around so much from year to year. Passover is the celebration of the event that led to Moses guiding the Israelites out of Egyptian captivity, a story that’s found in both the Hebrew and Christian bibles. Here’s a simplified version of the story: The Egyptians had enslaved the Israelites for hundreds of years when Moses went to the Pharaoh of Egypt and told him to let the Israelites go. The Pharaoh refused, so God sent 10 plagues, each one more damaging than the next. For the final plague, God sent the angel of death in the middle of the night to kill every firstborn son in Egypt. To show that the Israelites were the chosen people, they were given specific instructions to avoid death. They were told to place the blood of a lamb around the doors of their homes so the angel of death would know to “pass over” their homes. When the pharaoh woke to find his firstborn and all the firstborn sons and animals of Egypt dead, he ordered the Israelites out of Egypt.
The Profound Connection Between Easter and Passover
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A Morass of Movable Feasts. Updated April 6, | Infoplease Staff. A quick guide to the dates of Passover and Easter.
H ow Easter became a primary church festival is an example of inculturation— the blending of early New Testament Church and pagan cultures until a new ritual was created. The original Passover service as practiced by Jesus Christ and His early followers was replaced by a festival recalling not His death but His resurrection. At root, Easter is an ancient pagan fertility celebration and nothing to do with the practice of the early Church.
The debate over the timing of the new celebration, known eventually as the Quartodeciman Controversy, reverberated across the Roman Empire for almost three centuries. In C. They held the memorial on the 14 th day of the Hebrew month Nisan, the same date as the Jewish Passover. But it was clearly irksome to many that the Jewish dating of Passover was the determinant of the date of Easter. According to the Julian Calendar, the year began at the vernal or spring equinox. Let there be nothing in common between you and the detestable mob of Jews!
We have received from the Saviour another way; a course is open to our most holy religion that is both lawful and proper.
HOW WAS PASSOVER REPLACED BY EASTER… And Who Did It?
Easter , [nb 1] also called Pascha Greek , Latin [nb 2] or Resurrection Sunday ,   is a festival and holiday commemorating the resurrection of Jesus from the dead, described in the New Testament as having occurred on the third day after his burial following his crucifixion by the Romans at Calvary c. Most Christians refer to the week before Easter as ” Holy Week “, which contains the days of the Easter Triduum , including Maundy Thursday , commemorating the Maundy and Last Supper ,   as well as Good Friday , commemorating the crucifixion and death of Jesus.
In Eastern Christianity , the season of Pascha begins on Pascha and ends with the coming of the 40th day, the Feast of the Ascension.
In , Passover begins on April 8. And, although the date usually falls in April, in , Passover will begin on March
So, how can we, as modern Christians, celebrate His resurrection before the Passover? There are widespread misinformation and misconceptions about three things:. However, there is a definitive answer to each of these questions — read on for the explanation of each. Most people who are aware of the different dates of Easter in the East and the West assume that Eastern Orthodox and Western Christians celebrate Easter on different days because the Orthodox determine the date of Easter with reference to the date of the modern Jewish Passover.
That’s a common misconception — so common, in fact, that Archbishop Peter, the bishop of Diocese of New York and New Jersey of the Orthodox Church in America, wrote an article in to dispel this myth. That article, too, was an attempt to dispel the widespread yet mistaken belief among Orthodox Christians that the Orthodox calculate the date of Easter in relation to the modern Jewish celebration of Passover. In years such as and , when the Western celebration of Easter came before the Jewish celebration of Passover while the Eastern celebration of Easter came after, that misconception has caused great confusion — and even anger at those myself included who have tried explain why the situation occurred.
Here’s where things get very interesting, because, with only very minor differences, b oth Western and Eastern Christians calculate the date of Easter the same way. The formula for calculating Easter was set down at the Council of Nicaea in — one of the seven Christian ecumenical councils accepted by both Catholics and Orthodox, and the source of the Nicene Creed that Catholics recite every Sunday at Mass. It is a fairly simple formula:.
The lunar month begins with the new moon. Notice what isn’t mentioned at all in the formula set down at the Council of Nicaea? That’s right: Passover.
When Is Easter 2020? | How the Easter Date is Determined
This article is republished here with permission from The Conversation. This content is shared here because the topic may interest Snopes readers; it does not, however, represent the work of Snopes fact-checkers or editors. On April 12, Christians will be celebrating Easter, the day on which the resurrection of Jesus is said to have taken place. The date of celebration changes from year to year.
It’s not just that the Last Supper was a Passover Seder. central point: The lunar cycle that sets the date for Passover also determines Easter.
Easter stalks Passover. They arrive together every spring, like the daffodils and magnolia blossoms. This year, Easter Sunday falls as the eight-day Jewish festival nears its end. In March, my wife, who is Jewish, was on the phone, herding her parents, uncles, brothers and cousins. The first night of Passover is on Monday this year. Emails and texts were exchanged to sort out who would bring what, and this past Monday night we sang and recited the age-old prayers and set out a cup for Elijah, the harbinger of the messianic era.
Now, just a few days later, the holiest days of the year for Christians are under way. In Romance languages, the connection between the Jewish and Christian holidays is explicit. The Hebrew word for Passover is Pesach. In French, Easter is Paques. In many other languages, the word for Easter is simply a transliteration of the Greek word for Easter, Pascha. English is among the exceptions.
Our word, Easter, is German in origin, coming from the archaic word for new life, which is to say, resurrection. In the New Testament, Passover and Easter are tied together.
Passover 2020: When does the Jewish festival take place and how is it celebrated?
If you coincide to know when determines Passover, there is a good chance you may appreciate some spiritual orthodox Passover info. Here are our paschal picks:. When determines Rosh Hashanah in , , , , , and – click When determines Yom Kippur in , , , , , and – When is Sukkot in , , , , , and – When determines Chanukah in , , , , , and – When is Purim in , , , , and – When determines Shavuot in , , , , and – When is the Ninth of Av in , , , , and – How determines the date for Passover calculated?
If the Equinox determines on 20th March, where to go from there? In ancient facts the year started when the orthodox new crescent moon was seen by facts after the spring equinox. Then of course Passover was two christians later.
The ancient math that sets the date of Easter and Passover — The Atlantic. Why don’t the two holidays always coincide? It is, to some degree, the moon’s fault.
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The Etymology of ‘Easter’ and ‘Passover’
Controversy surrounded the determination of the date of Easter from the 2d to the 8th century, and is dealt with here as: 1 the quartodeciman, 2 the Roman-Alexandrian, and 3 the Celtic Easter controversies. Quartodeciman Controversy. The Asiatic practice in the 2d century of observing Easter on the day of the Jewish Passover conflicted with the Roman custom of celebrating Easter on Sunday, the day of the Resurrection. Occasionally, the Quartodecimans celebrated Easter on the day that other Christians were observing Good Friday.
Originally both observances were allowed, but gradually it was felt incongruous that Christians should celebrate Easter on a Jewish feast, and unity in celebrating the principal Christian feast was called for.
Easter is always the Sunday closest to the first full moon after March 20th. Passover starts on a specific date of the Jewish Calendar (the 15th of Nisan).
Thou hast magnified thy word above all thy name. The following is an excerpt from Dr. Therefore, some point to this passage as a translation error on the KJV’s part. However, earlier English translations such as Tyndale’s NT, the Great Bible, and the Bishop’s Bible also translated pascha as Easter in this verse, showing that the understanding here dealt with something other than the Jewish Passover. Also, the translation of pascha as Passover in Acts was known to the king’s translators since this is the reading of the Geneva Bible.
The use of the word pascha in early Christian writings dealt with the celebration of Easter, and not just the Jewish Passover. Lampe has correctly stated that pascha came to mean Easter in the early Church. The ancient Christians did not keep the Jewish Passover. Instead they kept as holy a day to celebrate the resurrection of Christ near the time of both Passover and the pagan festival celebrating the goddess Ostara.
Lampe lists several rules and observances by Christians in celebration of their pascha or Easter. Lampe also points to various Greek words such as paschazo and paschalua that came to mean celebrate Easter and Eastertide.
Confused about the date of Easter? Here’s how it works
The Jewish liturgical year is not simply the basis for Jewish holidays, but for the Christian movable feasts as well—those annual holidays that do not fall on a fixed date but vary according to astronomical occurrences. The celebration of Passover took place just before the Crucifixion and Resurrection of Christ , and the two holidays have been entwined from the beginning—the word Pasch , originally meaning Passover, came to mean Easter as well. Passover , or Pesach in Hebrew, the holiday commemorating the Hebrews’ exodus from slavery in Egypt, lasts seven days in Israel and among Reform Jews, and eight days elsewhere around the world.
It begins on the 15th day of Nisan, which is the seventh month in the Jewish calendar.
Dating Easter And Passover – Calculating the Easter Date The day festival of Passover is celebrated in ks2 early spring, from the 15th through the 22nd.
Skip navigation! Story from Spirit. In , Easter falls on April 21 — a full three weeks later than Easter in , which fell on April 1. The way that Easter moves throughout the calendar has a surprising factor: the moon. To understand way, we have to go back to the roots of Easter. But this year, the vernal equinox fell on March 20, which was also a full moon. So, according to that calculation, Easter should have been held on the first Sunday after March 20, which was March However, that wasn’t the case — and we have to go into some more Church history to understand why.
According to Space. This year, the first full moon after March 21 was on April 19, which is a Friday — meaning that this Easter will be on the following Sunday , April Additionally, most but not all Eastern Orthodox churches celebrate Easter up to five weeks later than Catholic and Protestant churches.